Young mango leaves are purplish to red in color. Its normal for the new leaves to be in that status. There is no problem when the leaves are color red it is part of their growth. Those leaves will change its color to light green and to dark green. When it reaches its maturity stage it will turn to yellow and brown then it will drop.
For beginners who grow mango tree, they will be surprise why do mango leaves turn red. Some of them will think that their tree is in a serious problem but its not. Its common to see new leaves to be reddish in color. The color is different compare to other plants because usually young leaves are color green.
Mango Leaves Size
The size of mango leaves is around 5 to 16 inches (12.7-40.6 cm). They are long with pointed tips on the end. The leaf venation of the mango leaves is pennate reticulate, it means that it has irregular veins. It has a midrib and those veins are connected into it and the leaves is connected to the branch with the petiole.
Mango Leaves Curling
The reasons why are mango leaves curl is because of anthracnose, insect pests like aphids, thrips, mites, scale, whiteflies and mealybugs, due to the weather and root rot. These are the possible reasons why the mango leaves are curling. It makes the tree stress. It affects the growth and also the production of fruits. Its important to keep the leaves healthy because it is the main part that convert sunlight into foods.
Anthracnose is a kind of fungus that damage the mango tree. It can cause for the mango leaves to curl. It slowly affect the small part of the leaves and if not treated the whole leaves will be damage. The curling will happen and its not good for the tree. Controlling them will be the best way to do by applying fungicides.
Pests can also affect the mango leaves and lead to curling. Some of the pests are aphids, thrips, mealybugs, whiteflies, scale and mites. They usually damage the fruits, branches, flower and leaves. These pests can cause why do mango leaves curl.
Controlling these pests can be done using pesticides or insecticides. In that way it will make the tree safer. Grower will be happy if the tree has no pests. They aim for the best growth of the tree so that after a few years of growing it will bear lots of mangoes.
Another reason why do mango leaves curl is because of the weather. When the weather changes it may result for the leaves to curl. For example on day one its sunny day, on day two is rainy day, day three is sunny day, day four is rainy day and so on. The tree might be stress because of continues change on weather and it can lead to curl its leaves.
During the summer and drought season, the temperature is high and it can affect the leaves health. Too much temperature can make the leaves to curl. Watering them regularly during the dry season is needed. It will make them stay cool and fresh. Water will be transport to the bark, branches, flowers, fruit and leaves.
The weather can be a cause for mango leaves to curl but you can do some thing to keep your tree in a good situation like watering them during dry season and no application of water during rainy season. Its about understanding the current climate on your location and do what is the best thing to do. Keeping the tree leaves in a good condition is the goal.
Root rot is also a possible reason why mango leaves curl. The young mango trees is still small and they can experience root rot because of too much watering. Mature and older trees are already established and they can hold much amount of water. Root rot for older trees will be low but they can still experience it for example a flood came and the roots are soak in water for a couple of days.
The roots are important part of the tree and when these part are damage it lead to tree stress which is not good for the tree. Giving just the right amount of water for the young leaves will help to prevent root rot and also growing them on a higher level of soil will prevent it to happen especially when floods came. Or another way is to make a good drainage system so that water will be prevented to goes into the tree roots.
Why Mango Leaves Turn White?
The mango leaves turn white is because of powdery mildew, lack of nutrients like iron, magnesium, zinc and nitrogen and chlorosis. The powdery mildew is a disease of mango that can make the leaves white. It damages and the control for this is fungicides. Application of fungicides will help to get rid of them.
Lack of nutrients can also be a cause why the mango leaves turn white. Giving them the right amount of nutrients like iron, magnesium, zinc and nitrogen will prevent to whiten its leaves. It will stays green in color.
Another reason why mango leaves turn white is because of chlorosis. Chlorosis is a condition of the leaves where its not producing enough chlorophyll. Having less chlorophyll can cause for the leaves to turn white.
Why Are Mango Leaves Wilting?
Some of the reasons why mango leaves are wilting is because of hot weather, no rain or lack of water. Mature trees can live without the presence of water for a couple of days or weeks but for the young trees they need water for regular basis. Mature mango trees can retain lots of water on their bark, branches and leaves which they consume when needed but for small and young trees they can just hold little amount of water and they need water regularly. If their is no water it can cause for the mango trees to wilt.
During the dry season, watering for the tree is needed. It will help them to store more water and use it for them to grow. Even the older tree should be water especially during the long period of no presence of rainfall. Watering the tree will prevent wilting.
Why Mango Leaves Turn Black?
Here are the reasons why mango leaves turn black; hot air a sudden rise in temperature, anthracnose disease, Xanthomonas campestris, improper watering and improper fertilization.
The hot weather can cause for the leaves to turn black. Too much temperature can burn the leaves. Its hard to control the weather because of climate change. The weather can be cause why leaves on your mango tree changes to black.
Anthracnose and xanthomonas campestris are disease of mango tree that can make the leaves black. Fungicides is a good thing to use to control them.
Improper watering and fertilization can also cause for the leaves to black. So you need to be careful in giving them water and fertilizer.
Mango Leaves Insect Repellent
Here are some of the mango leaves insect repellent that you can use: neem oil, soap with low toxicity, homemade mixtures of garlic, onions and hot pepper. These insect repellent usually will be found at home in the kitchen. If you want organic repellent then those ingredients will help to keep insect pest away from your mango trees.
The mango leaves are eaten by bugs and you can use a strong stream of water to get rid of them. The water will be a tool to keep them off from the tree. Using horticultural and neem oil can also be use to remove bugs.
Are Mango Leaves Edible?
Yes, mango leaves are edible. It is consume as a tea. Tea drinks using mango leaf is great. Some people loves this kind of tea and it makes them feel cool.
Mango Leaves Uses
The mango leaves is use to make tea and also make compost fertilizer. The mango leaves produces sweet aroma and its great leaf to make tea. Tea is a good drink and people enjoys drinking it. It may contains vitamins and mineral from the leaves and mix with other ingredients. Its great drinking mango leaf tea. Some other uses of mango leaf is to make compost. The leaves are great matter to make organic fertilizer.
Those are some informations about why do mango leaves turn red, white, black, wilt and curl. Its important to keep your mango tree better and nourish them well.