Bananas are delicious to eat and rich in vitamins and minerals. That is why it is great to grow bananas but one problem that you may face is yellowing leaves. The banana tree doesn’t get yellow leaves often but if they do it can affect their growth. When the leaves are yellow it can cause the tree to grow poor and can lead to less fruit harvest. What are the causes why leaves become yellow?
Banana Leaves Turning Yellow
Overwatering can cause yellow leaves on the banana. The banana cannot handle too much water and it causes stress. Overwatering can happen when too much water is given to the banana or it can happen when heavy rains come.
A watering can or a garden hose can be used to water your banana but just give the right amount of water. Check the soil moisture before watering the banana if the soil is dry you can water it but if the soil is moist you don’t need to.
There are ways to check the soil moisture like pressing your finger a few centimeters in the soil, pressing a screwdriver, or using a soil moisture meter. Any of those ways can be used to know the soil moisture and gives you an idea of when to water the banana.
A well-draining soil is also helpful to avoid waterlogging. Sometimes heavy rainfall comes to your location and you must make good waterways to prevent your banana from getting flooded. Too much water can cause root rot which makes leaves yellow but when it’s prevented the leaves are safe.
Lacking water can also cause yellow leaves on the banana. Water is essential for the banana to grow well which helps it to grow healthy and able to produce more fruits. Water the banana regularly and make a watering schedule so that you know when to water your plant.
The banana needs more water when the weather becomes hot. With the right amount of water, it can make the plant cool and hydrated. The banana needs at least 1 inch of water per week.
Aging Banana Leaves
It is normal to see yellow leaves on any plant or tree. Commonly these yellow leaves are aging leaves. It is normal to see these kinds of leaves even on bananas because it is part of their growth.
It is a cycle for the banana leaves to grow and then get old. The young leaves will grow and after a few weeks or months, they turn yellow, and eventually, banana leaves turn brown.
If there are only a few yellow leaves on the banana then probably they are just aging leaves but if there are too many yellow leaves you need to analyze and observe if there are other reasons causing the problem.
Nitrogen is an important nutrient needed by the banana to keep its leaves growing and staying green. Nitrogen deficiency causes yellow leaves on the banana and to prevent it from happening you need to make the soil rich in nitrogen. You can use a soil tester to check the soil and then apply the right amount of nitrogen.
The banana needs nitrogen because this nutrient helps the production of chlorophyll in the leaves. Chlorophyll helps the banana to convert sunlight into food which makes helps it grow better. Aside from nitrogen, Iron deficiency can also cause leaves to turn yellow on banana.
There are many kinds of fertilizer and some of them have nitrogen and iron along with other nutrients which are helpful for the banana to grow well if applied.
Moving your banana to a new location can cause transplant shock. Transplant shock causes stress which can lead the leaves to turn yellow. Shock commonly affects mature bananas and not those young bananas.
You need to be careful in transferring mature bananas because transplant shock may happen. Water the banana immediately just after transplanting. You will need to wait for a few days or weeks and monitor how the banana goes especially when they suffer transplant shock.
Usually, those young bananas don’t get transplant shock. They just need to be watered after transplanting and they will grow just fine.
You Overfertilized Banana
You also need to be careful not to overfertilize bananas. Too much fertilizer can burn roots and when roots get damaged it can cause yellow leaves. When roots are damaged the banana cannot get enough water and nutrients because the roots are not functioning well.
Avoid overfertilizing bananas especially if you are using chemical fertilizers because they can burn banana roots.
If you are practicing organic gardening then you can use compost and other organic fertilizers. You can also add mulch to keep soil moisture.
Banana Is Lacking Sunlight
The banana needs sunlight to grow healthy and be able to produce more food. Grow the banana in a place where it can get a lot of sunlight so that the yellowing of leaves can be prevented. The banana needs at least 6 hours of sunlight per day.
Avoid growing the banana near tall trees because it may not get enough sunlight because those tall trees may block the sunlight. When the banana is getting consistent sunlight per day it will grow healthy and can give you a lot of fruits.
Weather changes can also affect the banana which may lead to its leaves turning yellow. Even if the banana needs more sunlight, extreme heat is not good. Too much sunlight can affect the leaves which can make them yellow. Keep the plants hydrated when the weather becomes hot.
Pests And Diseases
There are pests and diseases that may also cause yellow leaves on your banana. You need to monitor your banana and see if there are pests and diseases that attack your banana. In that way, you can protect them and you can use pesticides or fungicides to get rid of them.