Growing apple trees is fun not when their leaves started turning yellow. When the leaves are yellow instead of green there is something affecting the apple trees’ growth. If there are lots of yellow leaves, the apple tree cannot produce more food because yellow leaves cannot function well to convert sunlight into food. But what are the causes of why the apple tree leaves turn yellow?
Apple Tree Leaves Turning Yellow
Overwatering can cause yellow leaves on the apple tree. The apple tree cannot handle too much water and it causes stress. Overwatering can happen when too much water is given to the apple tree or it can happen when heavy rains come.
A watering can or a garden hose can be used to water your apple tree but just give the tree the right amount of water. Check the soil moisture before watering the apple tree if the soil is dry you can water it but if the soil is moist you don’t need to.
There are ways to check the soil moisture like pressing your finger a few centimeters in the soil, pressing a screwdriver, or using a soil moisture meter. Any of those ways can be used to know the soil moisture and gives you an idea of when to water the apple tree.
A well-draining soil is also helpful to avoid waterlogging. Sometimes heavy rainfall comes to your location and you must make good waterways to prevent your apple tree from getting flooded. Too much water can cause root rot which makes leaves yellow but when it’s prevented the leaves are safe.
Lacking water can also cause yellow leaves on the apple tree. Water is essential for the apple tree to grow well which helps it to grow healthy and able to produce more fruits. Water the apple tree regularly and make a watering schedule so that you know when to water your plant.
The apple tree needs more water when the weather becomes hot. With the right amount of water, it can make the plant cool and hydrated. The apple tree needs at least 1 inch of water per week.
Moving your apple tree to a new location can cause transplant shock. Transplant shock causes stress which can lead the leaves to turn yellow. Shock commonly affects mature apple trees and not those young apple trees.
You need to be careful in transferring mature apple trees because transplant shock may happen. Water the apple tree immediately just after transplanting. You will need to wait for a few days or weeks and monitor how the apple tree goes especially when they suffer transplant shock.
Usually, those young apple trees don’t get transplant shock. They just need to be watered after transplanting and they will grow just fine.
Aging Apple Tree Leaves
It is normal to see yellow leaves on any plant or tree. Commonly these yellow leaves are aging leaves. It is normal to see these kinds of leaves even on apple trees because it is part of their growth.
It is a cycle for the apple tree leaves to grow and then get old. The young leaves will grow and after a few weeks or months, they turn yellow, and eventually, apple tree leaves turn brown.
If there are only a few yellow leaves on the apple tree then probably they are just aging leaves but if there are too many yellow leaves you need to analyze and observe if there are other reasons causing the problem.
Nitrogen is an important nutrient needed by the apple tree to keep its leaves growing and staying green. Nitrogen deficiency causes yellow leaves on the apple tree and to prevent it from happening you need to make the soil rich in nitrogen. You can use a soil tester to check the soil and then apply the right amount of nitrogen.
The apple tree needs nitrogen because this nutrient helps the production of chlorophyll in the leaves. Chlorophyll helps the apple tree to convert sunlight into food which makes helps it grow better. Aside from nitrogen, Iron deficiency can also cause leaves to turn yellow on apple trees.
There are many kinds of fertilizer and some of them have nitrogen and iron along with other nutrients which are helpful for the apple tree to grow well if applied.
You Overfertilized Apple Tree
You also need to be careful not to overfertilize apple trees. Too much fertilizer can burn roots and when roots get damaged it can cause yellow leaves. When roots are damaged the apple tree cannot get enough water and nutrients because the roots are not functioning well.
Avoid overfertilizing apple trees especially if you are using chemical fertilizers because they can burn apple tree roots.
If you are practicing organic gardening then you can use compost and other organic fertilizers. You can also add mulch to keep soil moisture.
Apple Tree Is Lacking Sunlight
The apple tree needs sunlight to grow healthy and be able to produce more food. Grow the apple tree in a place where it can get a lot of sunlight so that the yellowing of leaves can be prevented. The apple tree needs at least 6 hours of sunlight per day.
Avoid growing the apple tree near tall trees because it may not get enough sunlight because those tall trees may block sunlight. When the apple tree is getting consistent sunlight per day it will grow healthy and can give you a lot of fruits.
Weather changes can also affect the apple tree which may lead to its leaves turning yellow. Even if the apple tree needs more sunlight, extreme heat is not good. Too much sunlight can affect the leaves which can make them yellow. Keep the plants hydrated when the weather becomes hot.
Pests And Diseases
There are pests and diseases that may also cause yellow leaves on your apple tree. You need to monitor your apple tree and see if there are pests and diseases that attack your apple tree. In that way, you can protect them and you can use pesticides or fungicides to get rid of them.