Green beans are one of the most popular foods in the world. They’re easy to grow, they taste great, and they’re good for you.
Green beans grow from seeds and go into several stages of growth until they are mature and ready to harvest. But how do green beans grow?
Green Bean Growing Stages
Stage 1. Germination
Germination, or the beginning stage of a plant’s life, occurs when the seed absorbs water and begins to sprout. At this point, you’ll notice little white hairs (called cotyledons) emerging from your bean.
The germination process can take anywhere from a few days to a few weeks depending on how quickly your seeds sprout.
Stage 2. Seedling Emergence
Now that your bean seeds have been planted, it’s time to wait. These are long-term crops and they can take up to two months before they start sprouting.
The emergence stage is when the bean plants first emerge from the soil. This can be anywhere from one to four weeks after planting, depending on what type of green bean you’re growing (some are slower than others).
Seedlings are very small and fragile. It is important to keep them well-watered and protected from harsh weather such as strong wind and cold temperatures.
The seeds should be planted at or near the soil surface, as deep planting may cause problems with germination. When the seedling is about 1 inch tall, true leaves should appear.
After this point, you can begin weeding around your beans so that they have plenty of room for growth; however, it is important not to disturb the roots of a young plant too much because it will disrupt their ability to access nutrients in the soil (which comes from underground).
Stage 3. Vegetative Growth
In the vegetative growth stage, your plants will grow more leaves and stems. It grows bigger and better.
During this stage, green bean plants need more water, sunlight, and nutrients to improve their overall growth. It also prepares them to produce flowers and beans very soon.
Stage 4. Flowering/Pollination
The flowering stage is when green bean plants will flower. Green beans are small, soft, and white to purple in color.
Pollination is the process by which pollen is transferred to the female reproductive organs of a plant. Pollen grains are produced in the stamens (male organs) of flowers.
On flowering plants, pollination occurs when pollen grains are moved from the anther to the stigma, where they can grow a pollen tube that penetrates her ovary for fertilization.
The green beans are self-pollinating which means that they can produce beans without cross-pollination or without pollinators.
But some green bean varieties need pollinators to produce beans. Bees usually help plants to pollinate flowers. Also, hand pollination can be done to those kinds of plants in order for beans to be produced.
Stage 5. Fruiting
The flowers are where the beans will grow once they become pods, so you’ll need to ensure that they are pollinated.
The green beans will grow longer and when they have enough size and tenderness they can now be harvested.
A single plant can grow a lot of pods depending on how they are cared for. When the plants grow healthy they can produce lots of green beans.
It will take about 55 to 65 days to grow green beans from seeds and harvest. Some varieties will take much longer to grow before harvesting the beans.
Stage 6. Seed Production
Once those pods are fully mature and they start to become brown and dry they can produce seeds. Those seeds are mature enough and they can be used to grow green bean plants again in the next growing season.
Stage 7. Drying
Once the plant stops producing beans it will stop growing. They will not grow beans and leaves and after a few weeks, they will dry.
Green Bean Life Cycle Conclusion
Now that you know about the stages of green bean growth, you can start planning for next season. It’s important to note that there are different varieties of green beans that have different tastes and growing times (some even get frosted in the winter), so make sure you do your research before planting anything.